Gaddafi killed in hometown, Libya eyes future

SIRTE, Libya, (Reuters) – Muammar Gaddafi was killed  by Libyans he once scorned as “rats”, succumbing to wounds, some  seemingly inflicted after his capture by fighters who overran  his last redoubt today in his hometown of Sirte.

An anti-Gaddafi fighter points at the drain where Muammar Gaddafi was hiding before he was captured in Sirte yesterday. REUTERS/Thaier al-Sudani
An anti-Gaddafi fighter points at the drain where Muammar Gaddafi was hiding before he was captured in Sirte yesterday. REUTERS/Thaier al-Sudani

Two months after Western-backed rebels ended 42 years of  eccentric, often bloody, one-man rule by capturing the capital  Tripoli, his death and the fall of the final bastion ended a  nervous hiatus for the new interim government, which is now set  to declare formal “liberation” with a timetable for elections.
The killing or capture of senior aides, including possibly  two sons, as an armoured convoy braved NATO air strikes in a  desperate bid to break out of Sirte, may ease fears of diehards  regrouping elsewhere – though cellphone video apparently of  Gaddafi alive and being beaten may inflame his sympathisers.
A Libyan official said Gaddafi, 69, was killed in custody.
“We confirm that all the evils, plus Gaddafi, have vanished  from this beloved country,” interim Prime Minister Mahmoud  Jibril said in Tripoli as the body was delivered, a prize of  war, to Misrata, the city whose siege and suffering at the hands  of Gaddafi’s forces made it a symbol of the rebel cause.
“It’s time to start a new Libya, a united Libya,” Jibril  added. “One people, one future.” A formal declaration of  liberation, that will set the clock ticking on a timeline to  elections, would be made by Friday, he said.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who spearheaded a  Franco-British move in NATO to back the revolt against Gaddafi  hailed a turn of events that few had expected so soon, since  there had been little evidence that Gaddafi himself was in  Sirte.
But he also alluded to fears that, without the glue of  hatred for Gaddafi, the new Libya could descend, like Saddam  Hussein’s Iraq, into bloody factionalism: “The liberation of  Sirte must signal … the start of a process … to establish a  democratic system in which all groups in the country have their  place and where fundamental freedoms are guaranteed,” he said.

SHOT IN HEAD
A spokesman for the National Transitional Council (NTC) in  Benghazi, Jalal al-Galal, said a doctor who examined the fallen  strongman in Misrata found he had been shot in the head and  abdomen. Jerky video shown on Al Jazeera showed a man looking  like Gaddafi, with distinctive long, curly hair, blooded and  staggering under blows from armed men, apparently NTC fighters.
“They captured him alive and while he was being taken away,  they beat him and then they killed,” one senior source in the  NTC told Reuters. “He might have been resisting.”
Driven in an ambulance from Sirte, his partially stripped  body was delivered to a mosque in Misrata. Senior NTC official  Abdel Majid Mlegta told Reuters that DNA tests were being  conducted to confirm it was Gaddafi. He would be buried in  Misrata, most likely by Friday according to Muslim custom.
Officials said his son Mo’tassim, also seen bleeding but  alive in a video, had also died. Another son, heir-apparent Saif  al-Islam, was variously reported to be surrounded, captured or  killed as conflicting accounts of the day’s events crackled  around networks of NTC fighters rejoicing in Sirte.
In Benghazi, where in February Gaddafi disdainfully said he  would hunt down the “rats” who had emulated their Tunisian and  Egyptian neighbours by rising up against an unloved autocrat,  thousands took to the streets, loosing off weapons and dancing  under the old tricolour flag revived by Gaddafi’s opponents.
Mansour el Ferjani, 49, a Benghazi bank clerk and father of  five posed his 9-year-old son for a photograph holding a  Kalashnikov rifle: “Don’t think I will give this gun to my son,”  he said. “Now that the war is over we must give up our weapons  and the children must go to school.
“But Gaddafi was a terrible dictator and this was the only  way to get rid of him. We want everything people have in free  countries –  want people to live in peace as you do across the  Mediterranean where life doesn’t require the machinegun.”
In Sirte, a one-time fishing village and Gaddafi’s home town  that Gaddafi’s grandiose schemes had styled a new “capital of  Africa” for the “king of kings”, fighters whooped with delight  and some brandished a golden pistol they said they had taken  from Gaddafi.
Accounts were hazy of his final hours, though there was no  shortage of fighters willing to claim they saw Gaddafi, who had  long pledged to go down fighting, cringeing underground, like  Saddam eight years ago, and pleading for his life.

FINAL HOURS
One possible description, pieced together from various  sources, suggests Gaddafi tried to break out of his final  redoubt at dawn in a convoy of vehicles after weeks of dogged  resistance. However, he was stopped by a French air strike and  captured, possibly some hours later, after gun battles with NTC  fighters who found him hiding in a drainage culvert.
NATO said its warplanes fired on a convoy near Sirte about  8:30 a.m. (0630 GMT), striking two military vehicles in the  group, but could not confirm that Gaddafi had been a passenger.  France later said its jets had been in action at the time.
Libyan television carried video of two drainage pipes, about  a metre across, where it said fighters had cornered a man who  long inspired both fear and admiration around the world.
After February’s uprising in the long discontented east of  the country around Benghazi — inspired by the Arab Spring  movements that overthrew the leaders of neighbouring Tunisia and  Egypt — the revolt against Gaddafi ground slowly across the  country before a dramatic turn saw Tripoli fall in August.

LIBERATION
An announcement of final liberation was expected as the  chairman of the NTC prepared to address the nation of six  million. They now face the challenge of turning oil wealth once  monopolised by Gaddafi and his clan into a democracy that can  heal an array of tribal, ethnic and regional divisions he  exploited.
The two months since the fall of Tripoli have tested the  nerves of the motley alliance of anti-Gaddafi forces and their  Western and Arab backers, who had begun to question the ability  of the NTC forces to root out diehard Gaddafi loyalists in Sirte  and a couple of other towns.
Gaddafi, wanted by the International Criminal Court on  charges of ordering the killing of civilians, was toppled by  rebel forces on Aug. 23, a week short of the 42nd anniversary of  the military coup which brought him to power in 1969.
Hundreds of NTC troops had surrounded the Mediterranean  coastal town of Sirte for weeks in a chaotic struggle that  killed and wounded scores of the besieging forces and an unknown  number of defenders.
“There is now this massive expectation. Up to now they’ve  had an excuse that they are running a war. They don’t have that  now … Everything now has got to happen,” John Hamilton, a  Libya expert at Cross Border Information, told Reuters.
“That’s a hard task. They have to deliver for the people …  On the other hand, this may renew the honeymoon they enjoyed  when Tripoli fell, if they can put a decent government together  in a short time.”
Some fear instability may linger and unsettle that process.
“Gaddafi is now a martyr and thus can become the rallying  point for irredentist or tribal violence — perhaps not in the  immediate future but in the medium-to-long term,” said George  Joffe, a north Africa expert at Cambridge University.
“The fact that NATO can be blamed for his death is worrying,  in terms of regional support, and may undermine the legitimacy  of the National Transitional Council

Muammar Gaddafi
Muammar Gaddafi

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