Oil and Gas – the New Economic Horizon – Part 5

Local Content

So far, these columns have taken a narrative approach and it was intended that once all the information was placed on the table, some analysis, both critical and policy directed, could be undertaken. However, it is not always possible to adhere strictly to this formula as current issues arise. For example, it was announced last week that ExxonMobil had been granted a production licence which moves closer to the day when Guyana will finally become an oil and gas producing country.

While the announcement was made in the National Assembly, there was no report of any details concerning the licence, including its duration and any other conditions imposed on the company. The Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act does not require the gazetting of any notice of the grant, nor does the Act require its tabling in the National Assembly. Maybe caught up in the excitement of the announcement, no MP may have considered it helpful to ask the Minister to provide some details. After all, a licence is granted under section 35 of the Act and may be subject to conditions as determined by the Minister. Unfortunately therefore, it is not possible to determine any particulars under which the licence has been granted. And just in case, there is no confidentiality obligation under the law regarding disclosure of the terms of any licence or contracts.

The second point to note derives from an article in the print media in which the Minister of Natural Resources is reported as stating that ExxonMobil has to supply the Government with a local content plan within six months as part of the production licence. It is unclear if the Minister is suggesting that he has issued a conditional licence which the law does not allow him to do. In fact, the question of local content has to be addressed satisfactorily in the application for the petroleum production licence. Section 36 of the Act makes it absolutely clear, among other things, that a licence shall not (emphasis added) be granted unless:


  • the applicant’s proposals for the employment

and training of citizens of Guyana are

satisfactory;  and

  • the applicant’s proposals with respect to the

procurement of goods and services obtainable

within Guyana are satisfactory.


Section 36 (1) (vii) of the Act seems, with a stretch, to provide the Minister with some wiggle room by providing that if he determines that special circumstances exist which justify the granting of a production licence even where the applicant is in default, he may still proceed to issue a licence. On the other hand, the Act seems to contemplate a default in respect of the applicant, and not the application. In any case, it is hard to think what the Minister could consider more important to allowing an application to proceed than local content provisions. He has the right to refer the application back to the company to provide the information, or such additional information, as he may require.


The third point of note concerning licences goes back to a table in the third column of this series showing the company Mid Atlantic Guyana Inc. as a licence holder of 611,000 hectares in the deepwater off the Guyana coast. The annual returns and 2016 financial statements of the company filed at the Commercial Registry shows that the shares in the company are all held by a single individual – Edris Dookie and issued in 2015. The records for 2013 and 2014 state that an application for a prospecting licence had been made while the financial statements indicate that no shares had been taken up by any person, despite an application for a licence.

The 2015 financials state that the company had “not commenced exploration” and only that “Block ‘C’ Expenses” amounting to $9,263,252 had been incurred. The financial statements showed direct operating expenses of $3,411,240 of which Christmas hampers and postage made up a significant part. The statements raise a number of questions since an application for a petroleum exploration licence requires, among other things, the following:

(d) particulars of the applicant’s financial status, technical competence and experience including the record of petroleum exploration and production in Guyana and elsewhere;

(f) particulars of work and minimum expenditure proposed to be carried out or expended in respect of the block or blocks over which the licence is sought, and, in particular, details of the programme of the work to be performed in the first year of the period being applied for, and a statement of any significant adverse effect which is proposed prospecting operations would be likely to have on the environment and proposals for controlling or eliminating that effect;

(g) particulars of the applicant’s proposals with respect to the employment and training of citizens of Guyana.

It is a matter of public record that Esso & JHI Associates have been retained by the company as JV Partners although there is no note to the financial statements of the licence or the operator’s agreement. The expenditure incurred on the unstated number of blocks over 611,000 hectares in the company’s books is inconsequential and it is possible that the expenditure is being recorded elsewhere although it is not clear where. Such permissive situations only feed the belief that the entire oil sector is shrouded in secrecy, the guarantor of absence of accountability and transparency.

The need to revisit the country’s petroleum legislation after several decades is becoming vital, at least in so far as new terms for future licences, and the operating terms of past and future licences are concerned.

Oil Price

With oil price being such an important factor in the Government’s take or share in oil production when it does begin, this column will monitor one of the international benchmark prices for oil from Nasdaq, a North American stock exchange which features stock quotes, analyses, company information, etc. From time to time, we will also show the longer term price trend. Here is a chart of the price over the recent months.



Every Man, Woman and Child in Guyana Must Become Oil-Minded

Part 31   Introduction I must start this week’s column by publicly complimenting the painstaking and excellent work done by the technical staff of Ram & McRae in comparing, line by line and word by word, the 1999 Janet Jagan’s Agreement with Esso and the Raphael Trotman’s 2016 Agreement with Esso (not Exxon), Hess and CNOOC.

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Every Man, Woman and Child in Guyana Must Become Oil-Minded – Part 30

Today’s column continues a review of the Esso/Hess/Nexen Petroleum Agreement signed on June 27, 2016 and publicly released by the Government of Guyana on December 29, 2017.

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Every Man, Woman and Child in Guyana Must Become Oil-Minded Part 28

Introduction The final, belated and reluctant admission by the Government of Guyana that it received a signing bonus from ExxonMobil, seems to have caused increasing curiosity, not least because the amount disclosed is a rather odd-sounding US$18 million.

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Every Man, Woman and Child in Guyana Must Become Oil-Minded – Part 27

New Account On the day this column appeared last week, the press in Guyana, in an outstanding case of enterprising journalism, confirmed that Guyana had indeed received a signing bonus from ExxonMobil.

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Every Man, Woman and Child in Guyana Must Become Oil-Minded Part 26

Introduction This Column touched earlier on what the Model Petroleum Contract describes as a Stability Clause, the objective of which is to provide assurance to international oil companies that they will be protected from any variation in fiscal or economic policies by governments for a period of as much as thirty years.

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