Piranha

Piranhas belong to the family Characidae and are related to herbivorous species like the Pacu.

Red Howler Monkey

It’s 4 am in the rainforest and you are awakened by the sound of loud eerie roaring; if you are new to the environment it can be a disconcerting sound.

Giant Water Lily

The Giant Water Lily (Victoria amazonica) is a flowering plant and the largest of the Nymphaeaceae family of water lilies in the world.

Ite Palm

In the rainforest

Ite (Mauritiaflexuosa) also known as Morichi, belongs to the plant family which includes all palms (Arecaceae). 

Kufa

In the rainforest

Kufa (Clusiaspp) is a plant which is widely distributed in the tropical rainforests of Guyana and belongs to the family of plants known as Clusiaceae.

Locust

Locust (Hymenaea courbaril) or ‘Stinking Toe’, grows on both clay and sandy soils and can be found along rivers in mixed Mora forests and marsh forests.

Snake families: Boidae or Boas

In the Rainforest

Corallus Hortulana - Jake Bicknell In Guyana there are eight snake families. The main families are the pit vipers, the elapides (coral snakes), the colubrids (largely non-venomous snakes) and the boids.

Frogs

In the rainforest

Frogs are amphibians; they have moist, scaleless skin and are exothermic animals.  This means that their body temperature depends on the temperature of their environment.

Arapaima

In the Rainforest

Rain forests are rich in biodiversity and are home to many different plants and animals.

Kinkajous and Olingos

In the rainforest

Kinkajous (Potos Flavus), also known as Night Monkeys or Honey Bears, and Olingos (genus Bassaricyon) are both members of the Racoon family.

Giant Anteater

In the rainforest

It’s more than six feet long with a great bushy tail, long snout, and big claws on its front feet.

Black Caiman

In the rainforest

Guyana is home to four species of Caiman including the Spectacled Caiman, Black Caiman and two species of Dwarf Caiman; they are classified in the subfamily Alligatoridae and are often mistaken for alligators.

Bats

In the Rainforest

There are over 1,100 species of bats worldwide, with at least 121 species found in Guyana and 86 found within the Iwokrama forest.

King Vulture

In the rainforest

The King Vulture, Sarcoramphus papa or Kasana as it known locally by the Makushi people, is the largest bird of the New World Vulture family, Cathartidae, with a length of 67 to 81 cm and a wingspan of 1.2 to 2 m and is distributed throughout

Black Curassow

In the rainforest

The Black Curassow (Crax alector), or Powis, as they are locally called in Guyana, are found in humid forested areas in the Guianas, northern Amazon, southern Venezuela and parts of Colombia, and are part of the family of

Vampire bats

In the rainforest

Vampire bats, creatures of many myths and legends, are blood-feeding, flying mammals found throughout Central and South America.

Jaguar

In the rainforest

The Jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest cat in the Americas and ranges from the south western US to Argentina. 

Osprey

In the rainforest

Pandion Haliaetus, more commonly known as the Osprey or Fish Hawk, or locally known as ‘Tanuwaka,’ can be found in forested areas near bodies of water.

Giant River Turtle

In the rainforest

Giant River Turtles (Podocnemis expansa) are found in the Guianas, Venezuela and the Amazon as well as in rivers,

Jabiru Stork

In the rainforest

The Jabiru Stork (Jabiru mycteria) is the tallest (122-40 cm) flying bird in South and Central America and belongs to the stork family, Ciconiidae.

Giant River Otter

In the rainforest

This is the first in a series of articles about the various species of fauna and flora which abound in Guyana’s rain forest and the Rupununi Savannahs.