(Continued) Sty I might have mentioned before that the great designer was at his/her constructive best when the eye was being put together.
Ectropion Last week we dealt with the condition whereby the eyelids roll inwards and, as a consequence, the edge of the lids and the eyelashes rub against the eyeball.
Last week, we discussed problems associated with the third eyelid (the nictitating membrane).
(Continued) The third eyelid You may recall that we had mentioned that dogs and cats and other species have a third eyelid (nictitating membrane) – in addition to the upper and lower lids, which cover the eyeball during sleep and blinking.
Last week we dealt with conjunctivitis, an inflammatory process of the membrane which covers the inner side of the eyelids and part of the surface of the eyeball.
(Continued) Let’s face it, the eye is a very vulnerable organ. In spite of protective eyelids (in many species there are three) injuries and diseases occur often.
There could be many situations which would necessitate having a closer look at your pet’s eye.
The retina We promised last week that we’d discuss the retina in more detail.
Having completed extensive articles on the issues of Pet Geriatrics and Euthanasia, we will commence today with considerations as they relate to specific organs and the diseases associated therewith.
By Kristel-Marie Ramnauth This article was written by guest columnist Kristel-Marie Ramnath, who is an Associate Member of the Veterinary Association of Trinidad and Tobago and specialises in animal behaviour and pet psychology.
Over the past couple of months, we discussed the physical, emotional and psychological changes – that take place as dogs/cats become elderly.
(continued) As promised, we continue with more detailed discussions relative to changes that take place as your dog ages.
Continued As promised last week, let’s look at some more of the physical changes and decreased organ functions in the elderly pet.
A few weeks ago (TPC 25 January, 2015) we alluded to some physical changes which take place relative to our pets, specifically dogs and cats.
Psychological considerations In the January 18, 2015 column, I referred to some behavioural changes in the elderly dog/cat.
(continued) Physical changes in the elderly dog Since the old dog tends to be more lethargic and less likely to frolic around the yard as he used to do when younger, it stands to reason that the increased slothfulness and resting periods will lead to a loss of muscular tone.
– continued We had decided that during the festive season, a break would be taken from the science of geriatrics (the treatment and care of the elderly dog) and instead we would speak about matters pertaining to resolutions for the New Year.
Let us look today at some other actions that will help you to make an intelligent choice of pet from the GSPCA’s Shelter at Robb Street and Orange Walk, Georgetown.
(Continued from last week) When you are adopting a dog, especially one from the GSPCA Shelter, there are certain considerations that have to be factored into the exercise.
The Guyana Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (GSPCA) and so many other Good Samaritans collect abandoned dogs and cats with the hope that they can find a suitable and loving/caring home for the orphans.
As you read this, the festive season and the New Year are just around the proverbial corner.
Well, Christmas time, the season of goodwill and reflection, is upon us. So we’ll take time off from the theme of Canine geriatrics which had commenced two weeks ago.
Continued from last week After having spent some time last week discussing canine chronology and positing that the ‘7 human years = 1 dog year’ opinion should not be taken as gospel, let us now have a more serious look at the physical and psychological (behavioural) changes in the elderly dog as well as those things that influence his wellbeing and longevity.
So, today as promised, we embark upon a theme which is not so traumatic as the last series of articles dealing with pet euthanasia.
Mention was made in last week’s column about the possible need for special treatment for those animals which were companions to the one that was euthanized.
Last week I wrote that the topic of euthanasia was now closed. I should have known better.
Last week we dealt with the activity associated with actually putting the pet to sleep permanently, usually using the method of lethal injection (overdose of an anaesthetic, which works quickly and smoothly).
Continued Last week, I referred to the ‘Frequently Asked Ques-tions (FAQ)’ relative to the actual putting-to-sleep pro-cess.
Continued When pet owners come to the conclusion that it is best for their pets to be put to sleep permanently, very often they want to know how their beloved pets are going to be euthanised and what should they do with the dead body after the procedure.
(Continued) You remember that last week we began looking at quantifiable and measurable criteria that would assist the caring pet owner in making a well-considered decision on the question of putting the beloved pet to sleep.
(Continued from last week) Last week, I advised that you involve your veterinarian in that debate as to whether to put the pet to sleep permanently, or to try to keep it alive as long as possible, in spite of the agony being experienced by all.
Continued When will the owner know that the final curtain must be drawn?
(Continued) We spent some time the week before last debunking the spurious reasons some people give for opting to kill their pets.
Continued from last week We will continue today analyzing the questionable arguments that develop when a person wants to self-justify reasons for killing his/her pet.
Continued The topic of euthanasia is assuredly accompanied by heartache. Yet it has to be discussed, because sooner or later many pet owners/caregivers have to confront this eventuality.
Continued from last week Physicians who are deeply committed to the Hippocratic Oath must experience great agony when their patients are terminally ill, and they (the doctors) can do nothing treatment-wise to save them.
Over the last couple of months, we have been discussing cancers and tumours.
When the articles on cancers and tumours commenced in May, we had no inkling that so many weeks/ months would be needed to cover the salient topics associated with this ailment.
Conclusion Venereal tumours You may recall that last week a passing reference was made to ‘transmissible canine venereal tumours’ (TCVT) as a vaginal condition which could be mistaken for the proliferation of cells which accompanies another ailment, viz vaginal hyperplasia.
(Continued from last week) Vaginal tumours Today and next week, we’ll address two types of tumours affecting the canine vagina, which are similar, yet distinct, relative to their origins/causes and the way they exhibit themselves.
Continued from last week In last week’s column, in my haste to conclude the painful and distressing topic of tumours/cancers, I omitted mentioning two of the most frequent ailments in our tumour/cancer discussions, namely those associated with the vagina and the breast.
Continued from last week Well, we are coming close to the end of this thematic – tumours and cancers.
Continued from last week We have already established that there are several types of skin cancer which can affect dogs/cats.
Ear (aural) haematomas These are fluid filled swellings of the ear flap (Pinna).
Continued from last week Haematomas/Seromas I had promised last week (and the week before) to deal with ear haematomas.
Last week, after discussing the benign haemangiomas (HAS), I promised to continue with haematomas – all within the context of the surface tumours theme.
Haemangiomas Haemangiomas of the skin and soft tissues are benign proliferations (growths) that closely resemble blood vessels.
Continued from last week As was promised last week, we will deal with a condition known as ‘Hygroma’ or, as some scientists refer to it, a ‘False bursa’ or ‘bursitis.’ Before we commence with the Hygroma/bursitis, I should mention a condition that is closely related to and possibly a precursor of the Hygroma problem.
So as not to throw one’s self in a state of panic, one must always remember that a tumour is just swelling and not necessarily a cancer.
I have never had so many telephone calls and letters about a subject since this column was started so long ago.