Over the last two weeks we have been discussing the formula which we could use as a substitute for the dam’s milk.
Continued from last week Today we continue where we left off last week when we discussed the provision of a suitable hygienic environment and nutrition for the newborn puppies.
Continued from last week Hand-rearing of newborn puppies The advice given below is to pet owners who are faced with the challenge of hand-rearing part or all of a litter of newborn puppies.
Continued from last week Importance of weight gain Puppies should gain one to one and half grams of weight per day for each pound of anticipated adult weight and should double their birth weight in eight to the days.
Continued Caring for the newborn Newborn puppies are born without the capacity to adapt to environmental stress.
Continued The runt The physically immature puppy is at a distinct disadvantage, because of his low birth weight and lack of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat.
Continued Why do newborn puppies die? According to USA textbook figures, thirty per cent of puppies die between birth and weaning.
Continued Last week we started sharing some basic information on newborn pups/kittens.
Continued It is important that we understand the physiology and behavioural patterns of newborn puppies, so that steps can be taken to provide an environment which is conducive to the flourishing of the pups.
Over the previous months we have discussed problems associated with pregnancy and whelping.
Mothers learn to recognize and care for their puppies as they are born.
Continued Milk fever In high producing dairy cattle, this ailment is serious. In dogs, when milk fever (or eclampsia as it is sometimes called) occurs, the animal can die within a day or two after the onset.
Continued Breast infection (mastitis) Last week we discussed ‘caked breasts.’ Today, we will examine that ailment which is a common problem that develops just after delivery of the puppies, and as they start to suckle.
There are several maladies which can affect the dog after she has given birth to her puppies.
Last week, we began our discussion on the care of the mother dog after she has given birth (post partum).
Veterinarians (and human doctors as well) speak of the post partum period when referring to the time after the dam (mother dog) has given birth to her puppies.
I might have mentioned before that, unlike a human foetus, which is usually only one by itself in the womb surrounded by its own thin covering membrane (the amniotic sac), the each of the several puppies in a bitch’s womb is surrounded by its own enveloping bag.
(Continued) Caesarian operation The first question to be asked is when should one consider presenting the mother dog to the veterinarian because of a difficult labour period.
(Continued) When to call your vet We have discussed in depth the issue of ‘difficult labour’ (actually, we have belaboured the point in two separate columns), explaining what you can do at home to initially solve the problem.
(Continued) Prolonged labour (Dystocia, difficult labour) The prolongation of any phase of labour is called dystocia.
(Continued) So now the first puppy has arrived. Should you interfere or should you let nature take its course?
Continued Having already discussed the important matters that surround the pre-whelping period, we’ll concentrate today on the issues associated with labour and the actual delivery.