Food poisoningActually, I should call this ‘garbage poisoning’ because most of these toxicities are associated with the ingestion of garbage and the like.
Poisoning with petroleum products Dogs, as I have mentioned before, are a species characterized by curiosity.
Organophosphate poisoningThere are several chemicals on the market which pet owners use to eliminate ectoparasites (ticks, fleas, lice, etc) and which have a base ingredient of organophosphates or carbamates.
Continued Since we are dealing with various poisons, it is quite appropriate that we rely on scientists who have reported on specific toxicities.
Continued Arsenic Several weed killers, rat baits and insecticides contain arsenic and a chemical called metaldehyde, both of which are highly toxic substances.
Strychnine In the past, many of the rat poisons contained strychnine. I don’t know if it is still legal to bring strychnine into Guyana to be used in rat bait.
Continued Heat stroke After having dealt so copiously with emergencies associated with poisonings, we may now return to other life-threatening circumstances.
Continued During the final two weeks of last year, we took a break from science and indulged in more light-hearted discussion.
We consider this message so important that we will repeat the advice we gave in the Pet Corner during the season last year.
Today, on the threshold of Christmas, we’ll deal with food intake, and next week we will continue with ‘What not to do to pets during the festive seasons.’ Well, Christmas is around the corner and the imbibing and engorging has already begun.
Continued from last week Last week, we made some general comments on the treatment of poisonings.
Continued from last week Treatment In those instances when you have actually witnessed the dog ingesting a poisonous substance (rat bait, say), you can at least try to institute immediate supportive remedial action, according to what the poison was, even before you begin your trip to your vet.
Continued from last weekLast week, we dealt with poisonings that occurred because of stings and bites by poisonous insects and other life forms.
Continued from last week Stings The ‘stings’ of insects introduce a toxic substance (a poison) into the bitten (stung) animal.
Continued Poisons I suppose that if I were to carry out a statistical analysis of all the reasons why animals are most often presented at the clinic, and what the greatest cause of death is, the result would be poisoning.
General considerations Mostly, these columns serve to advise on what owners/ caregivers of companion animals should/could do before carrying the pet to the veterinarian.
Continued from last week Antibiotics In the practice of human medicine, the misuse, abuse and incorrect use of drugs and all forms of medication must be high on doctors’ lists of frustrating activities carried out by their patients.
Continued from last week Tranquillizers Tranquillizers are drugs used to relieve anxiety, treat motion sickness, and sedate a dog for ease of handling and treatment.
It is quite amazing how we humans like to ‘cure’ ourselves and our loved ones.
Well, we have spent quite a few weeks discussing the care of the elderly dog – trying to lengthen his life span.
Continued Let’s continue our discussion on the dietary requirement of the older dog.
Continued What should the diet of an old dog be? Firstly, we must understand that older dogs – being less active – would need less energy-giving foods (less calories).
Continued Organ failures As can be expected, as the dog gets older, some of the vital internal organs tend to deteriorate.
Continued Teeth and the oral cavity As dogs get older, even with the best oral hygiene, they tend to lose their teeth and exhibit gum diseases.
Continued I found the following in a text written by Drs Carlson and Giffin.
Continued Last week, we mentioned those important factors which influence the well-being of the older dog.
Now what is an ‘old dog’? I don’t want to get philosophical and equate the question with the one usually directed to humans (How old is old?) but we can use a rule of thumb and say that one dog year corresponds with seven human years.
No, the topic is not about ‘stray dogs’ that roam our cities and rural roadways.
Over the past two weeks, we removed our discussions from animal health matters and concentrated on topics that could be of other interest to pet owners, if for no reason that the issues often impact directly on the well being of ourselves and wards.
Last week, we took a break from the current topic of Liver Diseases and discussed the brutality associated with the so-called training of dogs by people who themselves need training.
On training dogs In these hard times, everybody is in the business of making a buck – some by dint of hard work, others by devious and odious means.
Firstly, there are many who argue that the liver is really a gland, since it secretes bile.
Continued Eating stool (Coprophagia) We have been writing a lot about constipation over the last two months.
Proctitis (‘sore bottom’ = irritation of the anus/rectum) In spite of TV shows, booklets and columns such as these, many pet owners still feed their wards incorrectly, and do not follow proven nutritional advice.
Anal gland (sac) disease Dogs and cats have two small glands/sacs on either side of the anal opening.
Over the last few weeks we have been discussing the major causes of constipation and the corresponding treatment regimes.
Continued Last week I suggested the use of an enema to help evacuate impacted faeces.
Continued Treatment Right at the outset, allow me to state clearly that this is one instance when you really don’t want the pet owner to try, on his/her own, to relieve the constipated animal.
Poor absorption of food Actually, this malady has a scientific name: malabsorption syndrome.
Continued We had mentioned last week what are the most probable causes of diarrhoea.
We have been discussing gastro-intestinal disorders and, consequently, we must mention diarrhoea. But let’s get it straight from the outset: diarrhoea is a sign that something is wrong; it is not the disease itself.
Continued We are still on the theme describing any condition that could affect digestion in the animal.
Continued Last week, we dealt with causes and the symptoms associated with bloat.
I had mentioned in the Pet Corner of April 4, that an accumulation of hair in the stomach, over a period of time, could create a massive hair ball.
We have been discussing maladies associated with the digestive system over the last few weeks.
Continued Surely I should have found something less taxing and more frivolous to share with you on this good Easter Sunday morning.
Last week, I mentioned that stomach ailments, for example a gastritis episode, could cause vomiting.
Last week, we explained that vomiting was a symptom which reflected a more deep-seated ailment.
After having discussed the ailments associated with the oesophagus (that tube which connects the oral cavity with the stomach), the next step would be to zero in on stomach problems.
Well, dear readers, last week we concluded the huge topic associated with the ailments of the oral cavity.