ABIDJAN, (Reuters) – A delegation of three West African presidents who met with incumbent Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo yesterday to deliver an ultimatum to step down or face force left saying more meetings were needed.
Gbagbo’s government, meanwhile, remained defiant in the face of international pressure to cede power, saying it would sever ties with any country that recognised envoys named by rival presidential claimant Alassane Ouattara — a powerful sign he was not about to quit.
“The government would like to make it known that in the light of such decisions, it reserves the right to apply reciprocity in ending the missions of their ambassadors in Ivory Coast,” the government’s spokesman said in a statement on national television yesterday.
French Foreign Minister Michele Alliot-Marie had said that France would accredit a new Ivorian ambassador at the request of Ouattara’s government, which it recognises as the winner of last month’s contested election.
Three west African presidents — Benin’s Yayi, Sierra Leone’s Ernest Bai Koroma and Cape Verde’s Pedro Pires — met Gbagbo to deliver an ultimatum from the ECOWAS regional bloc to step down as leader of the world’s top cocoa grower or face removal by force.
The delegation planned to travel to Nigeria to report back to the bloc’s chairman, Goodluck Jonathan.
“The chairman will negotiate a date for our return, but it would be soon,” Cape Verde’s president said.
The foreign minister of Gbagbo’s government, Alcide Djedje, when asked about the timing of the next meeting, said it would be “around January 2.”
Gbagbo’s government has signalled he is unlikely to agree to bow to international pressure and cede power to Ouattara, considered by regional and world powers to be the legitimate winner of last month’s presidential election.
The United States and the European Union have imposed a travel ban on Gbagbo and his inner circle, while the World Bank and the regional West African central bank have frozen his finances in an attempt to weaken his grip on power.
Gbagbo’s camp originally said it would welcome the visiting leaders “as brothers and friends, and listen to the message they have to convey”. But shortly before the meeting, his government warned it would not tolerate any meddling in its affairs.
“Let’s avoid political delinquency. No international institution has the right to intervene by force to impose a president in a sovereign state,” government spokesman Ahoua Don Melo told the BBC when asked if Gbagbo would leave.
Post-election violence has killed more than 170 people and threatens to tip the country back into civil war.
In a sign of mounting tensions, a crowd attacked a United Nations convoy yesterday, wounding one peacekeeper with a machete and setting fire to a vehicle, according to a statement issued by the U.N. mission in Ivory Coast.
Provisional election results showed Ouattara winning by 8 percentage points. But the nation’s top court, run by a Gbagbo ally, overturned the results amid allegations of fraud.
The standoff turned violent this month after Ouattara supporters tried to seize the state broadcaster’s building and clashed with security forces. At least 20 people were killed.
After several days of calm, sporadic gunfire was heard on Tuesday morning in the Abidjan neighbourhood of Abobo, a stronghold of Ouattara supporters. A Reuters witness said police were chasing youths trying to set up barricades with burning tyres. It was not known if there were any casualties.
The turmoil has pushed cocoa futures to four-month highs amid fears it could eventually disrupt exports. Ivory Coast’s Eurobond, meanwhile, hit a record low last week on concern that the country would not meet a nearly $30 million bond payment due on Dec. 31.
Creditors will try to start negotiations with Ivory Coast in January if the country fails to pay on time, a senior debt negotiator said yesterday in an interview with Reuters.