Having discussed the ailments associated with the oesophagus (that tube which connects the oral cavity with the stomach), the next step would be to zero in on stomach problems.
Well, dear readers, last week we concluded the huge topic associated with the ailments of the oral cavity.
Cysts Salivary cysts are characterized by an accumulation of thick, sticky saliva because of a blocked-up duct (canal) through which the saliva travels to the mouth).
The parotid gland In dogs, there are four main pairs of salivary glands.
Symptoms Last week, I mentioned the type of tissue that makes up the tonsils.
(Continued) Tonsillitis Let us first understand what tonsils are. You may have had a nail pierce your sole, and the result of that is a swelling in the inguinal area (the ‘groin’ as we call it).
Laryngitis The larynx is the organ (really a cavity) in the upper part of the windpipe (trachea) which has cartilaginous (elastic, flexible tissue) walls, and which when moved by associated muscles will vary the tension of the vocal cords, and hence the quality of the sound produced.
(Continued) Last week, within the context of the series on ailments of the mouth and nearby organs, we discussed the various possible causes of pharyngitis, for example: the consequence of infectious diseases, inflammation of nearby tissues, extension of rhinitis, air pollutants, unskilled administration of oral medicine, the eating of hot food or genetic defects.
(Continued) Bad breath Let us turn today to a problem which I had promised to address some time ago – bad breath (halitosis) in dogs, and the supposed cures associated with this problem.
(Continued) Nutrition and dental health Last week, we spent some time discussing the cleaning (brushing) of dogs’ teeth.
Having discussed all the various tooth and gum ailments over the past weeks, we must now logically turn to the prevention aspect.
Periodontitis Let me fulfil my promise to continue with the symptoms and treatment of the disease, Periodontitis.
(continued) Periodontitis I read somewhere that the most common disease in humans is Periodontitis.
(continued) A colleague who reads these articles (Glory be!) commented that I should mention that some dogs have a genetic predisposition to have more (or less) teeth in their mouths.
Continued from last week Over the past few weeks, I have been making references to the malformation of the jaws which result in an incongruence of the teeth in the upper and lower jaws, simply put: an incorrect bite.
You may recall that last week we decided to deal with that which is normal before embarking on the pathological.
Continued from December 13, 2015 Paralysis of the tongue In all my many decades of practice, I can only recall seeing this condition once.
Firstly, allow me to wish you and your pet-owning, animal-loving families all the very best for 2016 and beyond.
As you read this, the New Year is just around the proverbial corner.
It’s Christmas time, the season of goodwill and reflection, so we’ll take time off from the stodgier issues of diseases and their cures.
(continued) Tongue problems Let’s today look at ailments associated with the tongue.
Gingivitis Last week, it was promised that we would continue our discussion on Gingivitis (Sore gums), specifically with the treatment of this ailment.
Last week, we dealt with the symptoms and treatment of the classic stomatitis (sore mouth) condition.
In terms of a definition, I think the one most easily understood would reflect an inflammatory condition of the mouth which usually produces small vesicles or abscesses.
Last week we dealt with the symptoms of ailments in the mouth. In order to have a closer look in the oral cavity, one has to open the mouth and examine the inside.
Over the last few weeks, we have been discussing problems associated with the lips in particular.
A lot of what was said last week during the discussion of genuine lip infections would be valid for this ailment as well.
Lesions (wounds) on the lips are fairly common in dogs and cats, especially playful puppies and kittens.
Today we begin a new chapter of canine maladies, viz, those which are associated with the oral cavity.
Allergies associated with Rhinitis and Sinusitis Last week we dealt with Sinusitis and Rhinitis (in Greek, Rhis means nose) as being the result of nose infections, or as an accompaniment to special viral diseases of Canine Distemper, Parainfluenza, etc.
(Continuation) Before we went off on that interesting track of the dog’s mega-sense of smell, we had discussed a bit of the anatomy of that structure called the nose.
(Continued) The more I research this area of canine smelling, the more intriguing it be-comes; and the more I want to share these new pieces of interesting knowledge and information with you.
Continued Canine sense of smell Last week, as we commenced the new topic of nose ailments, and having dealt with general considerations relative to the canine nose, it was promised that this week we would spend some time on the canine sense of smell.
General considerations Now that we have concluded the discussions on maladies of the ears, it is only fitting that we deal with ailments of the nose and nostrils.
An animal can be born deaf (congenital deafness) or it could acquire the deafness during the course of its life.
Continued Last week, we discussed external ear infections. Well, more often than not, those infectious agents work their way into the middle ear.
Continued I had promised last week that we would go delving into the ‘middle ear’ in order to ascertain what sort of stomach-turning maladies we will find there.
(Continued) Biting Flies The ear flap has an assortment of blood vessels which, when damaged, tend to bleed uncontrollably.
Swollen ear flap (othematoma) If the inner surface of the ear (usually, but not always, one side only) of your dog suddenly becomes swollen, then 99 times out of 100 it is because small blood vessels in the ear flap have ruptured and the blood has oozed out.
(Continued) Tick infestation on the ear Throughout the year, it is possible to find ticks abounding on the ear flap (Pinna), and to a lesser degree in the ear canal (ticks usually do not wander deep into the ear canal).
General considerations By now, it must be clear how susceptible to infection ears are.
Since I am generally the first to point out when something is not going right and when there is blatant and inexplicable incorrectness, allow me to emphasise how pleased I am with the Sunday Stabroek’s formatting of these series of articles on animal care/health.
General considerations Quite unlike the eye, which we have already established is not the dog’s most important organ, the ear is of great value.
I keep explaining to anyone who would listen that dogs have a pronounced sense of hearing and an acute sense of smell.
1) Dermoid Cysts This is a tumour, not a malignant one though. I don’t see much of this in Guyana, but very long ago, when I was practising in Europe, several dogs presented with this condition whereby hair was growing from the surface of the eyeball.
The popping eyeball This Problem is often associated with certain breeds (Pugs, Spaniels, Boston Terriers, etc).
A couple of months ago, the Pet Corner column addressed the issue of Conjunctivitis – that inflammatory process of the membrane which covers the inner side of the eyelids and part of the surface of the eyeball.
You may recall that we had described the retina as the innermost and light sensitive lining at the back of the eyeball.
(continued) Cataracts If the lens of the eye loses its transparency, for whatever reason, one can speak of a cataract.
(Continued) So far, we have discussed problems associated only with the “outer eye” (the eyelids, the cornea, etc).