Having discussed the ailments associated with the oesophagus (that tube which connects the oral cavity with the stomach), the next step would be to zero in on stomach problems.

Ailments of the oral cavity

(Continued) Tonsillitis Let us first understand what tonsils are. You may have had a nail pierce your sole, and the result of that is a swelling in the inguinal area (the ‘groin’ as we call it).

Ailments of the oral cavity (Continued)

Laryngitis The larynx is the organ (really a cavity) in the upper part of the windpipe (trachea) which has cartilaginous (elastic, flexible tissue) walls, and which when moved by associated muscles will vary the tension of the vocal cords, and hence the quality of the sound produced.


(Continued) Last week, within the context of the series on ailments of the mouth and nearby organs, we discussed the various possible causes of pharyngitis, for example: the consequence of infectious diseases, inflammation of nearby tissues, extension of rhinitis, air pollutants, unskilled administration of oral medicine, the eating of hot food or genetic defects.

Ailments of the oral cavity

(Continued) Bad breath Let us turn today to a problem which I had promised to address some time ago – bad breath (halitosis) in dogs, and the supposed cures associated with this problem.

Dental hygiene

Having discussed all the various tooth and gum ailments over the past weeks, we must now logically turn to the prevention aspect.

Oral ailments

(continued) A colleague who reads these articles (Glory be!) commented that I should mention that some dogs have a genetic predisposition to have more (or less) teeth in their mouths.

Problems of the oral cavity

Continued from last week Over the past few weeks, I have been making references to the malformation of the jaws which result in an incongruence of the teeth in the upper and lower jaws, simply put: an incorrect bite.

Stomatitis (sore mouth)

Disease of the oral cavity (continued)

In terms of a definition, I think the one most easily understood would reflect an inflammatory condition of the mouth which usually produces small vesicles or abscesses.

Examining the oral cavity

Last week we dealt with the symptoms of ailments in the mouth. In order to have a closer look in the oral cavity, one has to open the mouth and examine the inside.

Lip Fold Pyoderma (LFP)

Diseases of the mouth (Continued)

A lot of what was said last week during the discussion of genuine lip infections would be valid for this ailment as well.

Nose ailments — Rhinitis and sinusitis


Allergies associated with Rhinitis and Sinusitis Last week we dealt with Sinusitis and Rhinitis (in Greek, Rhis means nose) as being the result of nose infections, or as an accompaniment to special viral diseases of Canine Distemper, Parainfluenza, etc.

Nose ailments

(Continuation) Before we went off on that interesting track of the dog’s mega-sense of smell, we had discussed a bit of the anatomy of that structure called the nose.

Nose ailments

(Continued)   The more I research this area of canine smelling, the more intriguing it be-comes; and the more I want to share these new pieces of interesting knowledge and information with you.

Nose ailments

Continued Canine sense of smell   Last week, as we commenced the new topic of nose ailments, and having dealt with general considerations relative to the canine nose, it was promised that this week we would spend some time on the canine sense of smell.


Ear ailments

An animal can be born deaf (congenital deafness) or it could acquire the deafness during the course of its life.

Maladies of the ear flap (pinna)

Ear ailments (Continued)

Swollen ear flap (othematoma)   If the inner surface of the ear (usually, but not always, one side only) of your dog suddenly becomes swollen, then 99 times out of 100 it is because small blood vessels in the ear flap have ruptured and the blood has oozed out.

Ear ailments

(Continued) Tick infestation on the ear   Throughout the year, it is possible to find ticks abounding on the ear flap (Pinna), and to a lesser degree in the ear canal (ticks usually do not wander deep into the ear canal).

The ear

General considerations (continued)

Since I am generally the first to point out when something is not going right and when there is blatant and inexplicable incorrectness, allow me to emphasise how pleased I am with the Sunday Stabroek’s formatting of these series of articles on animal care/health.

The ear

General considerations Quite unlike the eye, which we have already established is not the dog’s most important organ, the ear is of great value.

More miscellaneous eye problems

Eye ailments – continued

1) Dermoid Cysts This is a tumour, not a malignant one though. I don’t see much of this in Guyana, but very long ago, when I was practising in Europe, several dogs presented with this condition whereby hair was growing from the surface of the eyeball.

Eye infection in the newborn pup

Eye ailments – continued

A couple of months ago, the Pet Corner column addressed the issue of Conjunctivitis – that inflammatory process of the membrane which covers the inner side of the eyelids and part of the surface of the eyeball.

Eye ailments

(continued)   Cataracts   If the lens of the eye loses its transparency, for whatever reason, one can speak of a cataract.

Eye ailments

(Continued)   So far, we have discussed problems associated only with the “outer eye” (the eyelids, the cornea, etc).