I have always advocated that bitches should give birth to their offspring in an environment (human ‘family,’ yard/house, etc) in which they feel comfortable and secure, and with which they are acquainted.
Continued Last week, emphasis was placed on the nutritional regimes of bitches during pregnancy.
Those who have had to experience my ‘lecturing’ about fat dogs will know that I have a fixation about emphasising the need to have our pets look lean and well conditioned, instead of fat from over-feeding.
Continued Let’s continue with the matter of pregnancy in our companion animals. In last week’s column we listed the gestation periods (lengths of pregnancy) of many animals.
Now that we are finished with the series of articles on “Fertility/Infertility” in our companion animals, we can now turn the topic of pregnancy.
Last week, we confessed our inability to find a correct place to discuss the condition of ‘false pregnancy’.
(continued) Over the last few weeks, we departed from our theme of “Infertility” and dealt with the topic of “Spaying and Neutering” as a method of stopping fertility (pregnancy).
Last week’s column entitled ‘Spaying and neutering makes sense’ provoked an outpouring of support for the premise, and many callers and e-mail letter writers added further comments on the issue, most of which I will include in this week’s TPC.
Last week, we discussed the option of spaying/neutering as a method of pregnancy prevention.
Continued from last week We have arrived at the point where we may discuss the final and most reliable method of birth control – the spay.
Tubal ligation As promised last week I will now deal with tubal ligation as a surgical method for birth control.
We are at the end of the series of TPC articles dealing with ailments associated with reproduction, and with the male and female reproductive organs.
Events occurring over the past week dictate that I continue to dwell on this topic which appeared in last week’s column (not for the first time).
Pyometra Today, I would like to return to an aspect ‘female infertility’ which we have already previously touched upon, but which needs to be revisited and dealt with in more detail.
Continued from last week Undescended testicles Testicles usually descend before birth in most dogs.
Continued Last week, we began with an ailment which impacts upon fertility/reproduction, and which is associated with an inflammation of the testicles (orchitis).
Continued Inflammation of the testicles (Orchitis) We are still discussing infertility in the male, and within this context physical injuries and infections (from bacteria, fungi and viruses) of the testicles are very common causes of the inability of males to breed.
In the ‘Pet Corner’ columns just before Christmas, we concluded our discussions on maladies associated with the female genital tract and reproduction.
I would urge you, dear readers, on this last Sunday before the advent of the New Year to consider adopting a dog or cat in 2013.
Last week we touched on the issue of over-feeding our companion animals during celebratory holidays.
Continued Vaginal infection (Vaginitis) Bacterial infection of the vagina often spreads to the urinary tract causing a burning sensation on urination and increased frequency in the voiding of urine.
Last week, we dealt with chronic endometritis as an infection of the womb (uterus).
Continued Up until now the discussion has centered on infertility of the bitch based on hormonal, metabolic, management related, genetic or anatomic (congenital or acquired) disorders/ deficiencies.
Last week we mentioned that the main cause of infertility in the bitch is an infection in the womb (uterus) or in some other area of the reproductive tract.
There are several causes of infertility (inability to conceive) in the bitch, but most times it is due to an infection in the womb or in other parts of the reproductive tract (cervix, vagina, etc).
If, after the successful completion of the physical sex act (called the ‘tie‘ in dogs), the bitch fails to conceive, you may be faced with an infertility problem – in either the male or the female, or both.
Over the last few weeks, we have been discussing all those reasons, psychological and physical, why dogs will not mate.
Last week, I mentioned that some dogs, having had so much contact with humans and so little with their own species, actually prefer human company, and I’d like today to continue with this theme.
Continued Unwilling breeders Last week we commenced with this topic and explained that, in most cases, dogs who are deemed to be ‘shy breeders’ might have in fact been brought together for mating at an incorrect time during the mating season.
Prolonged mating We had mentioned that the actual act of canine intercourse is called the ‘tie.’ Some-times it can happen that the male and the bitch are ‘stuck’ for over an hour.
Last week, we spoke about the actual mechanics of the intercourse between a male dog and a bitch.
Continued Further preparation This week, we’ll continue with the preparation of the two actors in the drama of canine reproduction.
Continued The actual mating act (the tie) The process whereby the male dog introduces his penis into the bitch’s vagina and then gets ‘stuck’ is called the ‘Tie’.
Continued Preparation Only healthy dogs must be taken for mating. This means that both the male and female must be free of mange and ectoparasites (fleas, ticks, lice, etc).
Continued The most important consideration relating to breeding is when to breed. Before reading this week’s TPC, you may wish to refer to some of the other Sunday Stabroek TPC articles, especially those printed on July 8th and 29th, August 5th and 12th.
Continued Last week we dealt with the whole issue of the estrus cycle in dogs.
Now that we have documented the pertinent discussions pertaining to the roles, prerequisites and expectations of the brood bitch and the stud dog, we can proceed with answers to the salient question of when to breed.
Continued The stud dog Last week, we dealt with the brood bitch. Of course, the other main actor in the breeding drama is the male dog.
Continued Today, we will have a closer look at one of the main actors in the drama of reproduction – the brood bitch (the potential mother).
Continued Today, we will continue making some more general remarks on this matter of breeding companion animals.
Today, we commence with a whole new chapter in our discussions on the well-being of our companion animals.
Continued Problems with the passing of urine You know, there is a bigger and less used word for urination.
Continued Last week, it was mentioned that there are four basic problems which could affect the lower urinary tract.
Continued from last week Disorders of the bladder In the lower urinary tract, there are four basic problems, often interrelated.
Continued from last week Kidney failure (uremic poisoning) Kidney failure, also called renal failure, may be sudden and acute or chronic and progressive.
(Continued from last week) A reader of this column called me and requested to know the difference between ‘nephritis’ and ‘nephrosis’ – terms, which she had seen in a medical book.
As I had mentioned before, because the kidney is that organ involved in the filtering of impurities, it seems to be the one that is most under the threat of infection.
How do you know if there is a urinary tract disease? You may recall that last week’s ‘Pet Corner’ stated that the urinary tract is composed of the kidneys, the ureters (tubes from the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder and the urethra (tube from the bladder, via the penis/vagina, to the outside).
General comments Today, we commence a whole new topic. Ailments of the urinary tract are quite common in dogs and cats.
Continued from last week This disease affects puppies of the large, rapidly growing breeds, especially those three to seven months of age.