Great Horned Owl

The Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) is the most widely distributed owl in the Americas; it ranges from Northern Canada to South America.


Photographer, Andrew Snyder, caught this young Iguana sunning on the bank of the Burro Burro River.

Stinkhorn mushroom

The aptly named Stinkhorn Mushroom is distinctive for many reasons: it has a single stalk, a lacy, slimy cap and it really stinks!

Rupununi Rattlesnake

This is a Rupununi Rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus trigonicus) that was found last October while the World Wildlife Fund-Guianas and Global Wildlife Conservation were conducting a survey in Guyana’s south Rupununi savannah.

Snowy Egret

The Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) is a common sight on the coast and interior of Guyana.


“Iwokrama’s mission is to develop strategies for conservation and sustainable development of the tropical rain forest system for local people in Guyana and the world at large.

Black Bellied Cuckoo

by Leon Moore The Black-bellied Cuckoo (Piaya melanogaster) lives in the rainforests of the Amazon as well as Guyana.

The meeting of the waters

“Iwokrama’s mission is to develop strategies for conservation and sustainable development of the tropical rain forest system for local people in Guyana and the world at large.

Giant River Otter

In The Rainforest

The Giant River Otter, ‘Water Dog’ or ‘River Wolf’ (Pteronura brasiliensis) is the most endangered mammal in the neo tropics as they were once hunted for their fur.

The Black Curassow (Powis)

In the rainforest

The Black Curassow (Crax alector), or Powis, as they are locally called in Guyana, are found in humid forested areas in the Guianas, northern Amazon, southern Venezuela and parts of Colombia, and are part of the family of game birds known as Cracidae.


In the Rainforest

Pandion Haliaetus, more commonly known as the Osprey or Fish Hawk, or locally known as ‘Tanuwaka,’ can be found in forested areas near bodies of water.

Rainforest Neotropical Otter

The Neotropical Otter (Lontra longicaudis) is a small, rare otter. It measures between 90 cm and 150 cm in length and is a sleek, dark, glossy brown colour. 


The Southern Tamandua or Tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla) is classified as a “true anteater”; other true anteaters in Guyana include the Giant Anteater and Silky Anteater, both of which have been featured in this column previously.

Striped Forest Whiptail lizard

When most people think of the rainforest, they picture large spotted cats like the jaguar, massive snakes like the anaconda, huge spiders like the goliath bird-eater and toothy predators like the black caiman.

Little Tinamou

The Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui) is a frumpy looking ground-dwelling, bird that can be found in tropical rainforests throughout the tropics.

Silky Anteater

The smallest of the Anteaters, Cyclopes didactylus or Silky Anteater inhabits primary rain forests with continuous canopy; it lives in tall trees under the leaves to avoid detection.

White-tailed Deer

In the Rainforest

(Savannah Deer) Odocoileus virginianus, locally known as White-tailed or Savannah Deer, has a large range from southern Canada to northern South America; obviously they can survive in a wide variety of habitats including forest, grasslands, savannah, farming and urban areas.


The Capybara or ‘Watrush’ as it’s known in Guyana is the largest rodent in the world. 

Ecosystems: Tropical forest

Over the past year, this feature has been showcasing some of the amazing plants and animals of the Iwokrama Rain Forest; now here are some details about the importance and role of tropical forests in general and their functions.


The last of the well-known snake families found in Guyana is the Vipers (Viperidae).

A flower

Rain forests are rich in biodiversity and are home to many different plants and animals as well as indigenous communities.

In the Rainforest

Rain forests are rich in biodiversity and are home to many different plants and animals as well as indigenous communities.


Iwokrama boasts over 1,500 species of flowering plants (and counting). As you travel along the Iwokrama road or walk along the trails in the forest you are likely to come across many spectacular flowers, like the Norantea.


(chlorocardium rodiei)

Greenheart is found only in Guyana and is one of the most important timber species.

Kabukalli (Goupia glabra)

An indicator of disturbance, the Kabukalli (Goupia glabra) tree is especially common in secondary forests and is frequent on sandy soils and old clearings.

Common Squirrel Monkey

Saimiri sciureus, the Common Squirrel Monkey is native to northern South America and can be found in French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Amazonian Brazil and Colombia.

Brazil Nut

(Bertholletia excelsa)

The Brazil nut tree is a typically Amazonian tree that prefers non-flooded forest.


(Heteropsis spp)

Nibbi is a hemi-epiphytic plant.  This means that they attach themselves to trees but are rooted in the ground by aerial roots.

Congo Pump

(Cecropia obtusa, Cecropia sciadophylla)

The Congo Pump is known as a pioneer or secondary species which means it is opportunistic and when large clearings are made in the forest it establishes itself and colonises.

Sandpaper tree

(Curatella americana)

This species is the most ubiquitous tree or shrub of the New World savanna biome.


(Manilkara bidentata)

Bulletwood belongs to the Sapodilla plant family (Sapotaceae) and is the source of balata gum, the coagulated latex of the tree.

Soft wallaba

(Eperua falcata)

Soft Wallaba or Wallaba is a canopy tree and seems to have a preference for extreme soil types – from very hydromorphic soils to dry soils.


The Brazilian Lowland Tapir (Tapirus terrestris) lives only in South America. In Guyana, the tapir is also known as ‘Bush Cow‘ (the animal, not the vehicle). 


The Margay (Leoparduswiedii), like its cousin the Oncilla, is a rare and elusive small spotted cat that lives in the remote parts of the rainforest.


In the rainforest

Labba (Cuniculuspaca), Paca or Urana in Makushi – no matter the appellation, most Guyanese recognize the name of this animal and associate it with a tender, succulent meat dish!

Buff-necked Ibis

The Buff-necked Ibis (Theristicus caudatus) is a large, handsome bird which can be regularly seen in the North Rupununi savannahs, especially at Bina Hill, perched on the thatched roofs, and around the Rock View airstrip foraging in the savannah.