Continued from last week Last week, we spoke about the nutritional effects on the bone structure and formation.
Continued from last week Nutritional effects on the bones Over the millennia of domestication of the dog and the cat, their diets have undergone immense changes.
Destruction of the Ball of the Femur (Aseptic Necrosis) Aseptic Necrosis of the head (‘ball’) of the femur (that part of the thigh bone which fits into the ‘socket’ of the hip bone) is due to impaired blood supply to that ‘ball’.
– continued Well, we have described the disease and the symptoms. Before we proceed to discuss the treatment, I would like to mention that some experienced veterinary practitioners (my old, now departed, mentor and professor included) swear that they can predict the development of HJD in the latter life of the dog, by just palpating the thigh bone/hip bone joints of the young (1 to 4-month-old) puppy.
Continued from last week Symptoms The clinical signs associated with this disease are variable.
Following on from last week’s topic on torn knee ligaments, let us now focus on the symptoms.
Ruptured ligaments/tendons By its more specific definition, a ligament is a short band of tough flexible fibrous tissue binding bones together.
Continued Fractures For our purposes of easy understanding, a broken bone (irrespective of cause – usually a hit) is a fracture.
Continued Sprains and strains Last week, I mentioned that lameness is a symptom, an expression of some deeper malady.
Continued from last week More general information Last week, we commenced sharing some general information pertaining to the bones, muscles, ligaments and joints of the animal’s body.
Today we begin a new theme. Bones and muscles (the musculosketal system) are so interlinked that we have decided to treat their ailments together.
Tick paralysis The saliva of some species of tick contains poisons, which affect the motor nerves of the dog.
Continued Well, we have returned to ‘science’ after the holiday season. We will continue where we left off – namely with the discussion on herniated (ruptured) discs.
As you read this, the New Year celebrations are just around the proverbial corner.
Continued from last week Paralysis Usually parlayses are associated with problems of the spinal cord.
For practical reasons, we can equate coma with unconsciousness. Some scientists speak instead of a very depressed level of consciousness, since they argue that there is never a complete state of unconsciousness.
You will recall that in the Pet Corner of last week I promised to deal with the treatment aspect of epilepsy.
Epilepsy is a recurrent seizure disorder of cerebral origin. When it is due to a blow to the head, or the encephalitis of canine distemper, or bacterial infections of the brain, it is said to be acquired.
This ailment has many other names which are used loosely to define the same condition.
Head injuries Last week we commenced with a new chapter in the ailments that could afflict your companion animals.
Well, we have surely exhausted this topic – and perhaps even supersaturated you with facts about Canine Heart-worm Disease.
Destruction of the immature stages Last week, we concluded the article by saying that even after the adult heartworms in the right heart chambers (and elsewhere) have been killed by the series of arsenic injections, the problem is not over.
Before we begin with this instalment of this heartworm drama, allow me to surprise you with some facts.
Continued form last week Well, let’s see what we have learned about that rapidly spreading scourge of heartworm.
(Continued from last week) Last week, we documented that the heartworms live mostly in the right side heart chambers.
Continued from last week Last week, I had promised to commence a new theme today, since we had exhausted the topic of maladies associated with the heart and circulatory system.
Continued from last week Right-sided (congestive) heart failure Last week, we discussed the left-sided congestive heart failure, which was the result primarily of the inability of the left ventricle (lower chamber) to function properly.
Last week, we defined heart failure as an inability of the heart to provide (by pumping) adequate circulation to meet the needs of the cells, tissues and organs of the body.
Continued from last week Heart failure Heart failure can be defined as a condition whereby the ability of the heart muscle to contract is compromised.
The pulse is really an expression of the heartbeat. The way you take the pulse in humans (feeling the wrist or the pulsation of the big vessels running along the neck area) is not the same with dogs.
General comments As we introduced this new topic last week, we mentioned that the blood circulatory system comprises the blood itself (red cells, white cells, platelets, liquid plasma, dissolved nutrients, waste products), the heart, which pumps the blood throughout the body, and the blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries) through which the blood flows.
Bronchiectasis Don’t be intimidated by this big technical term. You will recall that last week we discussed pneumonia.
Continued Pneumonia The most common respiratory disease is pneumonia, simply defined as an inflammation of the lungs.
Spasms of the larynx You may recall that we had described the larynx as the “voice box” which contains the vocal cords.
Continued from last week Allow me to begin today’s column by correcting an omission from last week’s Pet Corner.
Continued Vocal cord paralysis (VCP) Last week I said that vocal cords are situated in the larynx (voice box).
We have been discussing ailments pertaining to the respiratory system of our pets.
Coughing is a reflex action which is initiated by an irritant in the air passages.
Continued from last week Before we continue, as promised, with the discussion on different types of breathing, allow me to mention a few more conditions (see last week’s TPC) which can contribute to respiratory diseases.
We have already described the management of the wound which has been sutured shut.
Continued The week before last, we discussed the ‘washing out’ of the wound.
Treatment of wounds Over the last few weeks, we have been discussing various aspects of wound management.
Continued In order to implement better wound management procedures, it seems appropriate that the wound healing process be understood.
Continued Last week, we discussed the emergency control of haemorrhaging due to cuts and assorted wounds on the extremities (legs, tails), etc.
Let us today begin with a new chapter – a discourse on wounds.
Many wild creatures are kept as pets. Sometimes, the intentions of the owners of these pets are very noble; they may have rescued an injured, orphaned animal from the wild, or the animal lover may have bought the wild animal off a trader or hunter, because it was being kept under deplorable conditions and was perceived to be suffering.
I’ve kept this topic for last, on purpose. So many myths have been bandied about on this issue.
ContinuedSnake bite There was a time whenever I heard ‘snake bite’ as a cause of death, especially among domestic livestock, I used to laugh and deem it an embarrassment diagnosis.