The US economy Because of the leading role the US economy plays in the generation of global output, demand, consumption, trade (imports and exports), technology, cross-border direct investment, and financial flows, the difficulties which it is presently encountering (as highlighted in last week’s column) vividly illustrate the continued fragility of the global economic recovery and why the global economic crisis is not going away.
Context: G20 summits There have been five G20 leader-summits in the space of two-years.
As we come to the end of the first decade of the 21st century, I shall, in the course of the next few columns reflect on the international economic situation, in the circumstances of two of its most pressing and intractable problems (crises).
This week’s column and the first part of next week’s will bring to a close my discussion of the vulnerabilities to be found in the financial regulatory and oversight structures of Guyana and the wider Caricom region.
The sheer size and pervasive presence of the underground economy in Guyana and some other Caricom countries symbolize the serious vulnerabilities which plague the financial regulatory and oversight structure of the region.
In this week’s column I shall conclude the discussion of the underground economy in Guyana by highlighting some of its crucial features.
Estimating the proceeds of tax evasion, regulatory avoidance and organized crime in Guyana Introduction The underground economy (or whatever else it may be termed) along with its phantom segment as I have defined it in last week’s column, is extremely difficult if not impossible to measure accurately.
Introduction In my two previous Sunday columns, I had developed the argument to the effect that the steep increases in remittance flows to Guyana (as well as Jamaica) reflect both criminally-inspired transfers along with transfers made by hard-working Guyanese and Jamaican emigrants living in the diaspora.
Remittance flows and crime Last week I raised the question as to whether remittance flows to Guyana and the wider Caricom region (particularly Jamaica) was driven by the wages of sin or the wages of hard-working emigrants who form the diaspora living in North America, Europe (United Kingdom) and other Caribbean countries.
Introduction Last week’s column concluded the treatment of Guyana’s new National Accounts series and resumed the discussion on the impacts of the global crisis on the economies of Guyana and the wider Caricom region.
Introduction The recent rebasing of Guyana’s National Accounts series from 1988 prices to 2006 prices has created three major areas of difficulty for a comprehensive evaluation of Guyana’s macroeconomic performance during the 1990s and 2000s.
Last Sunday’s column ended with a brief description of how a typical balance of payments statement for an economy like Guyana’s might be constructed.
Role of official external financing As a rule, small relatively poor open economies that are highly dependent on the production and export sale of low-value added primary products and/or other natural resources-based products that are not presently enjoying a secular boom in world commodities markets, end up in a situation where debt-led and capital inflows-led processes become the key drivers of economic growth.
Terms of trade In last week’s column I had observed that, because of lags in their publication, timely trade data are perhaps the weakest of all the published economic series on Guyana’s economy.
Structural trade dependence The point of departure for evaluating the effects of the on-going global economic crisis on Guyana’s economy should be rooted in the reality that, by global standards, Guyana is structurally far too small, too poor and too open to withstand severe external economic shocks; particularly when these shocks emanate from economies with which we have the strongest trade, financial, and investment ties and are considered the worst since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Introduction At the end of last week’s column I introduced a list, which is not exhaustive, of the main channels through which the negative impacts of the global economic crisis have been transmitted to the economies of Guyana and the wider Caricom region.
Objective achieved It would be reasonable for readers to conclude that, despite withering criticisms directed at it, stress-testing of banks in the United States and the European Union (EU) has achieved its principal objective, which is restoring a large measure of public confidence in their respective banking systems.
PR exercise Last week I pointed out that official US stress-testing of its biggest banks seemed to have ‘worked’ because a large measure of confidence has been restored in the banking system.
Introduction For most persons as time passes their memories fade, albeit to varying degrees.
Introduction Although routinely portrayed as the ‘provision of climate aid to poor rainforest countries,’ all the agreements I have seen between rich countries and poor rainforest ones, including the Guyana-Norway Agreement, are in essence the export sale of global environmental services by the latter in exchange for climate payments from the former.
Introduction I had indicated in last week’s column that I would treat with three particular aspects of global climate funding (aid) as I wrap up for now, my analysis of the LCDS, the Guyana – Norway Agreement and associated arrangements, as well as several environmental topics related to global warming and climate change.
In Retrospect Eight months ago, on November 29, 2009 and the eve of the Copenhagen Climate Summit (COP15) I began in this column what I projected then would be an extended series of analyses and commentary on the LCDS; the Agreement between the Government of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway; the accompanying Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) and Joint Concept Note; and, related matters pertaining to the problems created by global warming and climate change.