More breeding problems

Prolonged mating
We had mentioned that the actual act of canine intercourse is called the ‘tie.’ Some-times it can happen that the male and the bitch are ‘stuck’ for over an hour.  This is not normal.  You may recall (week before the last) that we made mention of the constricting vaginal rings (muscles) which help maintain the male’s erection.  If the situation arises whereby there is no relaxation of the vaginal muscles, then the blood cannot flow back out of the engorged penis.  The animals become anxious and frustrated and begin to pull against each other.  This only serves to aggravate the situation.

So, what can you do?  First of all, let me tell you what you must never do.  Under no circumstance must you try to pull the dogs apart.  In fact, you are best advised not to intervene at all.  Do not throw water on them or try to coax them to separate.  The best you can do, since they are unable to help themselves is to turn the male around so that he is again in the mounting position.  You may then push downwards and forwards on his rump so that his penetration goes deeper into the vagina.  This has the effect of relieving the constriction that is enveloping the penis via the muscular rings of the vaginal wall.  It is then easier for the dogs to ‘decopulate’ and slide apart.

In passing, I would like to document an observation which could have some impact on our pets – before, during and after copulation; these comments have to do with the owner’s anxiety.

Over the years, I have noticed that many pets (especially dogs) take on the phobias and anxieties of the owners.  Owners who are scared of firecrackers and squibs seem to pass on their fears to their dogs.  So often, in the clinic, we encounter owners who tell us that they feel the pain of a simple needle prick during vaccination.  Well, more often than not, we notice the pets also squealing at the sight of the needle and syringe – even though they have no experience related to a needle prick.  Similarly, owners who are apprehensive about the entire mating procedure  (they are fearful that their pet will be injured or that the pet will be contaminated by some disease of its mating partner, etc) themselves seem to communicate their nervousness to their dogs.

If you know that you are a person given to too much anxiety, then let someone else take your pet for the mating exercise.  You stay inside the house and don’t even peek at the process of the tie.  In fact, I would go so far as to say that it might be better for the dog of such an anxious owner to be taken away from its surroundings for the mating exercise.  Dogs that live indoors, in constant and close companionship with their owners, will surely adopt some of the characteristics (especially fears) of its owner.

Please implement disease preventative measures (vaccinations, routine dewormings, monthly anti-heartworm medication, etc) and adopt-a-pet from the GSPCA’s Animal Clinic and Shelter at Robb Street and Orange Walk, if you have the wherewithal to care well for the animals. Do not stray your unwanted pets, take them to the GSPCA’s Clinic and Shelter instead. If you do not wish your pet to have puppies or kittens, you may exploit the GSPCA’s free spay and neutering programme. If you see anyone being cruel to an animal, or if you need any technical information, please get in touch with the Clinic and Shelter by calling 226-4237.

Sometimes, the behavioural patterns, nervousness and general propensity to worry impact seriously on the pets, even to the point of making them sick.  I recall, long ago in my days as a young vet seeking experience, I was confronted with what seemed to be an incurable case of gingivitis (gum disease) in a poodle whose owner was a high-spirited lady of the night and whose partners were visiting the apartment at all hours with the concomitant neglect of the loving, sensitive pet.  The moment the lady’s lifestyle changed after marriage, when both the husband and herself doted on the dog, the gum disease disappeared.  I use this example to suggest how psychological disturbances can impact deeply on the behaviour of animals, even making them ill.  Such effects can be also found in the area of reproductive efficiency.

Next week, we’ll look at the problem of extremely shy breeders – shy to the point that these animals will not mate. In fact, we might debate whether such reluctance, if genetically based, should be allowed to perpetuate itself in the next and future generations.  In other words, should we assist such shy breeders to copulate and produce offspring?

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