In the Rainforest
The Margay (Leoparduswiedii), like its cousin the Oncilla, is a rare and elusive small spotted cat that lives in the remote parts of the rainforest .
Labba (Cuniculuspaca), Paca or Urana in Makushi – no matter the appellation, most Guyanese recognize the name of this animal and associate it with a tender, succulent meat dish!This large rodent ranges from South East Mexico to Southern Brazil and North Paraguay; once common in Trinidad, where it is known as ‘Lap,‘ it has been hunted to near local extinction .
The Buff-necked Ibis (Theristicus caudatus) is a large, handsome bird which can be regularly seen in the North Rupununi savannahs, especially at Bina Hill, perched on the thatched roofs, and around the Rock View airstrip foraging in the savannah .
The Brazilian Porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) or Porcupine is a spiny, arboreal, nocturnal creature and in the North Rupununi has been noted for having a preference for palm forests .
The Golden-handed Tamarin (Saguinus midas), also known as Midas Tamarin and Red-handed Tamarin can be seen along farm edges in the North Rupununi, but interestingly enough does not exist in the Iwokrama Rain Forest .
The Crab Eating Fox (Cerdocyonthous) or Savannah Fox is the only fox that exists in Guyana .
The Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) is tiny but aptly named and can be seen sitting and marking its territory in open savannah areas of the North Rupununi .
The Yellow Banded Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates leucomelas) is the largest of the Dendrobatid frogs and has been seen in the Burro Burro river of Surama and the Clarence Mountain Trail in Aranaputa .
The Red-fan Parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus) is also known as the Hawk-headed Parrot and it can be seen in the Iwokrama River Lodge when fruiting trees are bearing .
The Ocelot (Leoparduspardalis) is an often-seen, spotted, midsized cat, weighing up to 11 kg .
With golden eyes and a tawny, golden colour the Puma (Puma concolor), is a long legged, rangy cat which ranges from North America to the tip of South America and exists at elevations up to 4,500 m, hence the name “mountain lion .
The Common Iguana (Iguana iguana) or ‘Guana,’ is a large green lizard that grows up to 1 .
Rain forests are rich in biodiversity and are home to many different plants and animals as well as indigenous communities .
Peacock Bass (Cichla ocellaris), Butterfly Peacock Bass, Waterwolf, or Lukanani is actually a cichlid, not a member of the bass family .
The Iwokrama Forest and Rupununi Wetlands are home to healthy populations of Guyana’s Giants .
Purpleheart (Peltogyne venosa) belongs to the family of Caesalpiniaceae .
Four species of caiman exist in Guyana: the Black Caiman, Spectacled Caiman and two species of dwarf caiman .
Savannahs are grassland ecosystems that are characterised by small trees or trees that are widely spaced so as not create a closed canopy .
T he Wattled Jacana (Jacana jacana) is a common wetland bird that ranges from Panama and Trinidad and down into most of South America .
The Variegated Tinamou (Crypturellus variegates) species was first identified from a specimen collected in French Guiana and is the larger cousin to the Little Tinamou .
The Grey-winged Trumpeter (Psophia crepitans) is distributed north of the Amazon River, in Ecuador, Colombia, south Venezuela, north-east Brazil, north-eastern Peru and the Guianas .
The Giant Gladiator Frog (Hypsiboas boans) belongs to the family of tree frogs (Hylidae) .
The Red Brocket Deer (Mazama Americana) is a species of brocket deer that can be found in the forests of South America ranging from northern Argentina to Colombia and the Guianas .
The Red-rumped Agouti (Dasyprocta leporine) is locally known as the Akuri in Guyana .
T he Suriname Toad (Pipa pipa) could be one of the strangest frogs you might see in the rainforest; in fact it’s not a toad but an aquatic dwelling frog .
Wetlands are areas that hold water, either seasonally or permanently; they have been titled the kidneys of the landscape and biological supermarket because of the functions they perform in the hydrological and chemical cycles and the extensive food web and rich biodiversity they support .
The Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya spp .
“Red on black is a friend of Jack, red on yellow kills a fellow”! This rhyme may apply to the North American coral snake but here in the tropics a bite from either snake may be fatal .
Piranhas belong to the family Characidae and are related to herbivorous species like the Pacu .
It’s 4 am in the rainforest and you are awakened by the sound of loud eerie roaring; if you are new to the environment it can be a disconcerting sound .
The Giant Water Lily (Victoria amazonica) is a flowering plant and the largest of the Nymphaeaceae family of water lilies in the world .
Ite (Mauritiaflexuosa) also known as Morichi, belongs to the plant family which includes all palms (Arecaceae) .
Kufa (Clusiaspp) is a plant which is widely distributed in the tropical rainforests of Guyana and belongs to the family of plants known as Clusiaceae .
Locust (Hymenaea courbaril) or ‘Stinking Toe’, grows on both clay and sandy soils and can be found along rivers in mixed Mora forests and marsh forests .
[caption id="attachment_123788" align="alignright" width="236" caption="Corallus Hortulana - Jake Bicknell "][/caption]In Guyana there are eight snake families .
Frogs are amphibians; they have moist, scaleless skin and are exothermic animals .
Rain forests are rich in biodiversity and are home to many different plants and animals .